There is an evident softening of attitudes by the opposition parties toward a possible coalition agreement with the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party), while President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan underlined the fact that if neither the AK Party nor the Republican People's Party (CHP) succeeded in forming a coalition government, the Constitution made it clear that a repeat of the elections was unavoidable. He said new elections could not be described as early elections, but a repeat aiming at preventing any instability linked to the failure of coalition negotiations.
The Republican People's Party (CHP) and Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), which firmly ruled out the option of siding with the AK Party right after the election results were clear, struck a milder tone after being subjected to warnings that if the current uncertainty lingers, it might cause setbacks both politically and economically.
Although the AK Party received the most votes in the elections, it did not receive sufficient votes to form a government alone, which kicked off debates of which coalition government could serve best. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on Thursday urged the parties to form a government and said that it was not of good for the country to be left without a government. On Saturday, in a question and answer session with journalists upon his return from Azerbaijan, he said he would meet with the four leaders of the parties to exchange views. He said depending on his political ethics, he will assign the leader of the first party to form the government and then task the second-largest party leader with the mission. Pointing to the 45-day period to complete the formation of a government, Erdoğan said early elections would be inevitable if a government is not formed. After Erdoğan saying that he will hold separate meetings with the leaders of each party, MHP Chairman Devlet Bahçeli said he would not meet with the president for coalition talks and that he would only meet with whoever he assigns for the task.
Interim Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu will continue discussions behind closed doors to discuss coalition options. Davutoğlu came together with the party members and will meet with both newly elected deputies and former ones this week. The AK Party is closer to forming a coalition with the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The MHP, although initially ruling out a coalition with the AK Party, softened its stance over the past few days and stipulated some issues for a coalition with the AK Party. The MHP convened on Saturday and reiterated firmly that it would never side with the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP). However, it struck a milder tone over a coalition with the AK Party, but demanded an end to the reconciliation process. The AK Party's decision over the matter is expected to be clearer this week.
Meanwhile, the CHP, which is seen as another suitable companion for the AK Party by some analysts, as they believe the two parties' partnership might diminish the gap between Turkey's right and left, is also considering the option after firm remarks that the party would not be part of a coalition with the AK Party. The CHP, however, said its priority is to form a government and said they would opt for a coalition with MHP and HDP if possible. CHP members are expected to convene on Monday to discuss the options. CHP Chairman Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu is thought to be criticized by party members during the meeting for the so-called failure of the party in the elections. The CHP received roughly 25 percent of the vote, maintaining its proportion from the 2011 elections. CHP Mersin Deputy Fikri Çağlar, who has already voiced his criticism regarding the election results, is expected to express his thoughts on what he called the failure of the party. Kılıçdaroğlu is expected to be asked why there was no increase in votes.
HDP, which surpassed the 10 percent election threshold and entered Parliament by receiving votes from both Kurds, liberals and intellectuals, will establish a fresh structure not to lose votes in the case of an early election.