According to a report by the Political, Economic and Social Research Foundation (SETA) published on Wednesday, Turkey has to develop an extensive national strategy, including security and related institutions , to fight DAESH.
The report, titled ‘Enemy at the Border: Turkey's Fight with DAESH,' was prepared by Murat Yeşiltaş, Ömer Behram Özdemir, Rıfat Öncel, Sibel Düz and Bilgehan Öztürk. The report indicates that threats against Turkey are currently at their highest level in terms of intensity and extensity. Studying and analyzing DAESH strategies, SETA categorizes the terrorist organization's activities against Turkey into categories such as foreign terrorist fighters, suicide bombings, violation of border security, cross border attacks against Turkey and radicalization. SETA also states that Turkey's strategies against DAESH are in six groups: a fight with foreign terrorist fighters, security operations against structures that aid and abet DAESH, cross border military operations, international cooperation to prevent the financial sources of terrorism, physical measures for border security and the announcement of an anti-DAESH statement and message.
The report states that more than a thousand people have been taken into custody, and many were arrested, as physical and political measures to ensure border security by Turkey have increased in the last few years. The report summarizes DAESH attacks against Turkey as of April: five suicide attacks, one bombing, 13 missile attacks, eight attacks against border police stations, four civil murders, three abductions and one other incident. Considering that four out of the six DAESH bombing attacks in Turkey took place in big cities, such as Istanbul and Ankara, the report underlines the high possibility of a threat of upcoming attacks in these cities again.
Statistics indicate that the highest number of operations and arrests took place in the cities of Kilis, Gaziantep and Istanbul, and that most of the terrorist attacks were conducted by foreign citizens, and the leading countries affiliated with DAESH and al-Qaida are Tunisia, Algeria and Indonesia, respectively. In the context of the fight with DAESH, as of February, exclusion orders have been applied against 38,624 people from 95 different countries who were suspected of having connections with terrorist organizations, as 3,128 were deported from Turkey.
The report points out that action plans have to be conducted simultaneously in accordance with the process of the European Union and the United Nations.