As the killing of dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi continues to be a mystery for the most part, Saudi Arabia's King Salman is on a tour of his country, pardoning people with previous convictions, while Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a figure seen by the international community as the main suspect behind Khashoggi's murder, remains silent over the issue.
King Salman has begun a domestic tour with a first stop in the conservative heartland of Qassim province, where he pardoned prisoners serving time on financial charges and announced 16 billion riyals ($4.27 billion) in new projects.
This is the king's first such tour since he ascended to the throne in 2015 and comes as the kingdom faces international pressure following the killing of Khashoggi in the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul last month.
Istanbul's Chief Public Prosecutor İrfan Fidan, who is leading the investigation, announced last week that Khashoggi, who lived in self-imposed exile in the United States, was strangled immediately after he entered the consulate on Oct.2 as part of a premeditated killing and that his body was dismembered before being removed. The case has brought near unprecedented international scrutiny on Saudi Arabia and its powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, also known as MBS, whom Khashoggi had criticized.
Overwhelmed by increasing international pressure, Saudi Arabia, which has been releasing conflicting statements over the incident since the very beginning of the crisis, aims to clarify itself and justify its actions. The state-run news agency reported yesterday that the government would pay debts of up to 1 million riyals, or $267,000, on behalf of each of the pardoned prisoners. The monarch also announced billions of dollars for some 600 projects to improve health facilities, roads, schools and other infrastructure in Qassim.
A Saudi diplomat told the U.N. Human Rights Council on Monday that the kingdom's prosecutors are investigating Khashoggi's death and will prosecute the perpetrators.
"The leadership in the kingdom expressed their pain for the murder of citizen Jamal Khashoggi," Bandar al-Aiban, the head of Saudi Arabia's Human Rights Commission, said in Geneva. As per instructions by King Salman, "[Saudi] prosecutors started investigations in the case to reach all truths and present all defendants to justice and sentence those proven guilty of this crime," al-Aiban added.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said in an op-ed in The Washington Post last week that the order to kill Khashoggi came from the highest level of the Saudi government and added that the international community had the responsibility to "reveal the puppet masters" behind the slaying.
Turkey has posed several questions to Riyadh over the Khashoggi case, asking the "whereabouts of the corpse," "who ordered the premeditated murder?" and also "who are the local collaborators?"
DESPITE KING'S EFFORTS, MBS INSISTS ON HIS CONTROVERSIAL POLICIES
However, despite his father's efforts to save the country's prestige, MBS insists on his silence over the case while continuing his previous controversial policies within the country, particularly keeping some elites of the country in jail still.
A full year after MBS turned the Ritz Carlton hotel into a jail for the kingdom's elite, many still remain imprisoned, according to The Washington Post.
The Saudi Attorney General said there were 56 people imprisoned earlier this year, and last month the crown prince said there were only eight still detained.
"But other people familiar with the detentions said the number is much higher, with 45 Ritz detainees still locked up," the newspaper said.
Some human rights experts, however, say MBS is planning to release some prisoners to cool tensions emerged due to the Khashoggi case. "They don't want to do it, but they are under pressure, and they will do it to release some pressure," Yahya Assiri, a Saudi human rights activist living in self-imposed exile in London, told the Post. Saudi authorities released Prince Khaled bin Talal on Friday, who was critical of MBS's decision to strip the religious police of their power, according to the Post.
The shakeup at the Ritz Carlton last year was an effort by the crown prince to solidify his power and eliminate rivals within the royal family, targeting the family of late King Abdullah, who is the brother of King Salman.
Despite the king's efforts, the silence of the crown prince combined with the brutality of the case, for many, results in a picture that is far from convincing, causing the international community to keep pressuring the country. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had a conversation with his Canadian counterpart Chrystia Freeland over the phone on Tuesday, agreeing that all the details regarding the Khashoggi case should be revealed while all involved with the murder should be punished. Spain's Foreign Minister Josep Borrell, who was criticized by his country's opposition for being silent on the matter, on the other hand, said yesterday that although Saudi Arabia is the main commercial partner of the country in the region, they did not cave in.