International event in Turkey to shed light on coup trials
by Daily Sabah
ISTANBULFeb 25, 2016 - 12:00 am GMT+3
by Daily Sabah
Feb 25, 2016 12:00 am
Several NGOs in Turkey will host a two-day symposium over the weekend, focusing on historic coup trials in Turkey and around the world. The event aims to shed light on trials following coups, both around the world and in Turkey, which saw three coups between the ‘60s and the last decade.
The Jurists' Association will host the International Coup Symposium in cooperation with Istanbul University, the Turkish Justice Academy, the Constitutional Jurists' Association, the Istanbul Center of International Law and the International Jurist Union. The symposium will be held in Istanbul this coming weekend, Feb. 27-28. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Justice Minister Bekir Bozdağ are scheduled to attend the event.
Academics, government officials and civil society representatives from Turkey and other countries will discuss their country's experiences with coup trials, and the progress of trials in Turkey. Participants from Spain, Chile, Argentina and Greece will share first-hand experience of coups in their countries and the trials held in their aftermath. The participants include Professor Cesar Ross from the University of Chile, Adriana Arce from Argentina who serves as director of the International Center for Improving Human Rights, former Spanish Defense Minister Jose Bono Martinez and Dr. Effie G. H. Pedaliu of the London School of Economics and Political Science.
The 93-year history of the Republic of Turkey has seen three military coups and several attempts to overthrow the government, which have hindered the development of the fledgling country. The first coup was on May 27, 1960, when the army grabbed power by ousting the Democrat Party government led by Prime Minister Adnan Menderes. The coup culminated in the execution by hanging of Menderes, which tarnished the image of democracy in the country, as Menderes was the first democratically elected head of government in Turkey. Twenty years later, a second coup in 1980 followed political turmoil in the late 1970s and swept the army to power once again. In 1997, the politically dominating Turkish Armed Forces took measures to change the regime in the country by issuing an ultimatum to the government in what has been called a "postmodern coup," one that did not see bloodshed, but ended a center-right governing coalition by military leaders who described themselves as guardians of secularism.