The Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) has announced Turkey's 2016 population on Tuesday, saying that it only grew 1 percent, a figure that might worry policymakers seeking to encourage a boost in the population growth in the face of an aging populace.
The results of address-based population registers revealed that Turkey's population reached 79.814 million at of the end of 2016. A population increase of 1.07 million was recorded in 2016, compared to the previous year. The annual population growth has been assessed as being 13.5 percent in 2016, compared to 13.4 percent in 2015.
The ratio of male population to female population appeared to be in favor of male population, with 40.04 million, representing 50.2 percent of the population, whereas the female population amounted to 39.77 million people, or 49.8 percent of the overall population.
Istanbul, the most crowded province of Turkey, had a population of 14.8 million in 2016, a 1 percent rise compared to the previous year.
Istanbul was followed by the capital Ankara, which had over 5 million inhabitants, as the most populated province in Turkey. İzmir kept its place as the third most populated city and it was followed by popular Mediterranean resort city Antalya and Bursa, an industrial hub south of Istanbul.
On the other hand, the eastern Tunceli province was the least populated province of Turkey, with a total population of slightly over 82,000.
TurkStat reported the median age in Turkey was 31.4 in 2016, up from 31 in 2015. Men, with a median age of 30.8, were revealed on average to be younger than women, whose median age was 32. The northern Sinop province had the highest median age in 2016, at 39.6.
The number of people living per square kilometer was 104 in 2016, up from 102 in 2015. Konya, the country's largest city geographically, had 56 people living per square kilometer, while Yalova, smallest city, had 285 people per square kilometer, in 2016.
The population of working-age persons, categorized as being aged between 15 and 64, was 68 percent in 2016, a 1.6 percent rise compared to 2015.
The figures exclude some 3 million refugees, mostly from Syria, who fled persecution and conflicts at home to Turkey, one of few stable countries in its region.
Despite remarkable economic growth and improvements in social benefits, Turkey lags behind its ambitions to increase its population, which, like the other developing countries, faces the risk of a rapidly aging population.
Projections made previously by TurkStat show that the number of elderly people will increase to 10.2 percent by 2023 and rise even further in the following decade. Experts link these projections to a decline in fertility and new treatments being available to increase longevity.
Ankara seeks to encourage population growth in the country and hopes to boost numbers by offering incentives to larger families such as longer paid leave and social benefits. Since his tenure as prime minister, current President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has continued to promote population growth, advocating that families should have at least three children to boost Turkey's population.
Recent reforms by the government, which focus on social benefits and female employment, have taken the slowly aging population into consideration.
The reforms aim to create a balance between the work and personal lives of the population. These are intended to contribute to Turkey's 2023 goals while simultaneously maintaining Turkey's young population and labor force that constitutes a large part of its economic growth.
With Turkey's growing economy being fueled by industrial investments and a booming service sector, the country has also seen populations increase in smaller cities and towns. A number of those living in urban areas and towns were higher again compared to those living in the rural areas. It showed a small rise from 92.1 percent in 2015 to 92.3 percent in 2016.
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