Nigeria's home-grown Boko Haram group, newly weakened by a multinational force that has dislodged it from a score of northeastern towns, reportedly pledged formal allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). The pledge to ISIS came in an Arabic audio message with English subtitles alleged to have come from Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau and posted Saturday on Twitter, according to the SITE Intelligence monitoring service. "We announce our allegiance to the Caliph of the Muslims ... and will hear and obey in times of difficulty and prosperity, in hardship and ease, and to endure being discriminated against, and not to dispute about rule with those in power, except in case of evident infidelity regarding that which there is a proof from Allah," said the message. ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has declared himself the caliph.
Earlier, the Nigerian group was blamed for four suicide bomb attacks that police said killed at least 54 people and wounded 143 in the northeast city of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state and birthplace of Boko Haram. The blasts occurred over four hours in locations from a busy fish market to a crowded bus station, said Police Commissioner Clement Adoda. A fifth explosion from a car bomb at a military checkpoint 75 kilometers outside the city wounded a soldier and two members of a civilian self-defense unit. The bomber apparently wanted to reach Maiduguri, said a police officer at the scene who spoke on condition of anonymity because he is not allowed to speak to the press. In the deadliest blast, 18 people died when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a tricycle taxi at the entrance to the bustling Baga fish market, police said. "I saw many dead bodies lying on the ground, many dead, and several others badly injured," said fish seller Idi Idrisa.
The Boko Haram pledge to ISIS comes as the Nigerian militants reportedly are massing in the northeastern town of Gwoza, considered their headquarters, for a showdown with the Chadian-led multinational force. Though there was no way to independently verify the message, it comes weeks after Boko Haram's new Twitter account broadcast that the group's Shura council was considering whether to swear formal allegiance to ISIS. The Twitter account, increasingly slick and more frequent video messages from Boko Haram, and a new media arm all are considered signs that the group is being helped by ISIS propagandists.
On last December, ISIS allegedly recruited as many as 12,000 tribesmen in Pakistan who previously supported the Taliban in the region. Also an Algerian armed group, which calls itself Jund al-Khalifa (Soldiers of the Caliphate), said that it has separated itself from al-Qaida and declared its obedience and loyalty to ISIS in September. Similarly, an armed group in the Philippines, Abu Sayyaf, declared its allegiance to ISIS.