At least 31 people died in this week's clashes between the two tribes in Sudan's Blue Nile state bordering Ethiopia, security services announced on Saturday.
They added that another 39 people had been wounded and 16 shops torched during the violence, which erupted on Monday over a land dispute between the Berti and Hawsa tribes.
Soldiers were deployed and a night curfew was imposed on Saturday, a day after Blue Nile Governor Ahmed al-Omda issued an order prohibiting any gatherings or marches for one month.
An urgent appeal for blood donations was launched by hospitals for the treatment of casualties from the unrest, according to medical sources.
The violence broke out after the Berti tribe rejected a Hawsa request to create a "civil authority to supervise access to land," a prominent Hawsa member told Agence France-Presse (AFP) on condition of anonymity.
But a senior member of the Bertis said the tribe was responding to a "violation" of its lands by the Hawsas.
The Qissan region and Blue Nile state more generally have long seen unrest, with southern guerrillas a thorn in the side of Sudan's former President Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted by the army in 2019 following street pressure.
Experts say the coup created a security vacuum that has fostered a resurgence in tribal violence, in a country where deadly clashes regularly erupt over land, livestock, access to water and grazing.