The opposition parties, which built up all their election campaigns to undermine the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) and take it out of the political equation, are now searching for ways to form a coalition government keeping the AK Party within the equation. Notwithstanding, Republican People's Party (CHP) Chairman Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu said that he wanted to form a government with the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) to be supported by the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP). This option, however, was eliminated even before its birth since MHP Chairman Devlet Bahçeli announced that the party was strictly against both the minority government option and a coalition supported by the HDP from outside.
As such, it can be argued that there remained no possibility of forming a coalition without the AK Party.
Despite receiving the most votes, the AK Party seems to be the most reconciliatory party by far in terms of discourse. All along, it has neither closed its doors to the HDP like MHP has, nor adopted an exclusionist discourse as the HDP adopted against the AK Party. In effect, upon the latest warning from Murat Karayılan from the outlawed PKK headquarters northern Iraq's Qandil Mountains, the HDP had to say that it leaned toward negotiating with the AK Party. On the other hand, the CHP stands out as the party that is most open to reconciliation for a coalition after the AK Party. Kılıçdaroğlu has said that their doors are open to Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, but he also added that he wanted to be prime minister in a possible coalition government, which indicates that he may keep his demands high.
However, it has also been alleged that a wing of the CHP, including Veli Ağbaba and Sezgin Tanrıkulu, who said: "Our priority is a coalition in which the AK Party is not the ruling power," is categorically against a coalition with the AK Party, but some senior officers and figures with center-right backgrounds in the party are more open to a coalition with the AK Party.
The dilemma lies in the fact that the bases of both the AK Party and CHP are uncomfortable with a coalition between these two parties. If these two parties, which are the antitheses of each other, form a coalition, they will annul all the things they have said against each other so far. The points they have presented as genuine would come to naught. And it is certain that a part of the votes the AK Party received would go to the MHP after a coalition with the CHP.
Another dilemma stems from the condition that although the bases of both the AK Party and MHP favor an AK Party-MHP coalition, senior MHP officials, especially Bahçeli, are strictly opposed to that option. By saying: "We would take on the main opposition task," on election night, Bahçeli has already closed his doors to all coalitions. As they might have feared that this would create an irreconcilable impression, they closed the doors after pretending like they presented a chance to reconcile by suggesting some issues that the AK Party would not consent to such as the position and residence of the president. But progress might be made in this regard, so we have to wait and see. Nonetheless, an early election might be awaiting us in the short run. We will wait and see.