Organ transplant in Turkey
Organ transplant is often the only treatment for end state organ failure and the living donor is required to give consent on the use of their organs for another patient's treatment. In Turkey, anyone aged over 18 who is mentally capable and able to consent voluntarily can be an organ donor.
Every year, from Nov. 3 to Nov. 9, the Organ Donation Week is marked to promote organ donation nation-wide.
To donate an organ, the donor can apply to all state and private hospitals as well as community clinics and health directorate. The donor is given a card upon giving consent and they are registered on the health ministry's organ and tissue transplant data base.
If the donor's brain death occurs than the donor card is not enough to continue the process as the family's consent is also requested. For kidney transplant, a living donor and the recipient undergo a series of physical and laboratory examinations at nephrology clinics. If all examinations are found positive, the recipient does not have to wait his turn on the list as the surgery can be scheduled as soon as possible.
According to the recent figures, the number of living organ donors has increased in the last two years.
For the renal patients unable to find a living donor, they submit necessary information to the organ transplant center they are registered and put on the waiting list of deceased donors. In Turkey, there are more than 100,000 patients with renal failure taking dialysis treatment. One of 10 percent of these patients is registered on a kidney transplant list to find a suitable donor. There are around 6 million renal failure patients and more than 3,000 patients underwent kidney transplant last year.
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