Police in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse protesters opposed to a contentious half-billion dollar aid grant from the United States that was presented in parliament for ratification on Sunday.
Hundreds of protesters tried to push through barbed wire barricades and pelted riot police with stones. Some protesters were injured in the clashes with police, according to the witnesses and officials in Kathmandu.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), a United States government aid agency, agreed in 2017 to provide $500 million in grants to fund a 300-kilometer (187 mile) electricity transmission line and a road improvement project in Nepal.
Government officials said the grant will not have to be repaid and has no conditions attached, but opponents say the agreement would undermine Nepal's laws and sovereignty as lawmakers would have insufficient oversight of the board directing the infrastructure project.
Despite loud protests, the Minister for Communication and Information Technology Gyanendra Bahadur Karki put forward the agreement in parliament and said the projects would benefit 24 million of Nepal's 30 million population.
"The grant will be an important tool for the socio-economic development of the country," Karki said in the parliament.
Major political parties, including members of the ruling coalition, are split over whether to accept or reject the U.S. grant money.
The U.S. Embassy in Nepal described the $500 million MCC grant as "a gift from the American people and a partnership between our nations that will bring jobs and infrastructure to Nepal and improve the lives of Nepalis."
"This project was requested by the Nepali government and the Nepali people and designed to transparently reduce poverty and grow the economy of Nepal," the embassy said in a statement issued late on Saturday.
"Whether Nepali leaders ratify MCC is a decision for Nepal to make, as a sovereign democratic nation, and Nepal's decision alone," it added.
Nepal relies heavily on foreign aid, and donors coordinate development aid policy through the Nepal Development Forum, whose members include donor countries and international financial organizations.