Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) President Ersin Tatar criticized the European Union for its treatment of Turkish Cypriots, saying that the bloc should feel "ashamed."
Tatar, speaking with Anadolu Agency (AA), stressed how some 18 years ago, Turkish Cypriots’ desire for a federal settlement safeguarded by Türkiye was rejected by Greek Cypriots in an April 2004 referendum, while the Turkish Cypriots approved it.
"We said yes to the Annan plan, they said no. They were rewarded with EU membership (in May 2004). The EU should feel ashamed of its treatment of Turkish Cypriots,” he said.
Against this long-term backdrop, he added, the partial opening of the fenced-off town of Maraş (Varosha) on Oct. 8, 2020, marked the beginning of a new era in Cypriot politics, one that was in harmony with the Turkish Cypriot side’s two-state policy.
"The reopening of Maraş was a decision long overdue for Turkish Cypriots, who have suffered greatly under embargoes and from international isolation. We needed to take a step in response to our unjust treatment by the international community. The Maraş initiative and the two-state solution policy are part of the same step,” he explained.
Tatar also said the town’s former residents should apply to the Immovable Property Commission (IPC) which is recognized as a domestic legal remedy by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) regarding their property there.
"The IPC has currently received 500 applications from Greek Cypriots. The Cyprus Turkish Foundations Administration has also applied to the commission seeking its property rights, which date back to Ottoman times,” he added.
Separately, Tatar issued a statement calling on the Greek Cypriot administration to give up attempts to politicize the issue of irregular migrant flows to the island.
He said he already proposed concrete measures to the Greek Cypriot administration that would enable the sides to work together on the problem of irregular migration, which concerns both sides of the island.
Tatar said his proposal also included cooperation in other fields, including co-exploitation of natural resources around the island, adding that so far they have received no response.
Cyprus has been mired in a decadeslong dispute between Turkish and Grek Cypriots, despite a series of diplomatic efforts by the U.N. to achieve a comprehensive settlement.
Ethnic attacks starting in the early 1960s forced Turkish Cypriots to withdraw into enclaves for their safety.
In 1974, a Greek Cypriot coup aimed at Greece’s annexation of the island led to Türkiye’s military intervention as a guarantor power to protect Turkish Cypriots from persecution and violence. As a result, the TRNC was founded in 1983.
It has seen an on-and-off peace process in recent years, including a failed 2017 initiative in Switzerland under the auspices of guarantor countries Türkiye, Greece and the U.K.
The Greek Cypriot administration entered the European Union in 2004, the same year Greek Cypriots thwarted a U.N. plan to end the longstanding dispute.
Maraş, or Varosha in Greek, had become a virtual ghost town, as it was cut off from the world for 47 years. A portion of the region – some 3.5% of its total area – was reopened in October 2020.
Maras was abandoned after a 1984 U.N. Security Council resolution that said only original inhabitants could resettle in the town.
Entry was forbidden except for Turkish army personnel stationed in the TRNC.
Turkish and TRNC authorities have repeatedly urged Greek Cypriots and other citizens who own assets in Maraş to apply to the Immovable Property Commission.