If Parliament shows sincere determination, Turkey can establish a new constitution, Turkish Parliament Speaker Mustafa Şentop said Monday.
Speaking in the capital Ankara, Şentop called on political parties in the legislative body to ramp up their efforts to bring into being a new constitution.
"If there is a sincere determination by all political parties in the parliament on this issue, I believe that Turkey can establish a new constitution. There are ways and methods for this," he said.
Pointing out that there are some parties that suggest Turkey should return to a parliamentary system, Şentop explained that this can be only possible with a consitıtnonal change.
Marking International Women's Day, Şentop also touched upon the issue of violence against women.
He said regulations in Turkey provide a legal basis that can prevent violence against women.
"Social awareness is important. Awareness and enforcement of the rules are effective," he added.
Since 1982, the current Constitution, drafted following a military coup, has seen a number of amendments. The bloody 1980 coup, which led to the detention of hundreds of thousands of people, mass trials, torture and executions, remains a dark period in Turkish political history.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on Feb. 1 announced: "It is time for Turkey to discuss a new constitution again." Talk of a new constitution came amid the government's new democratic reform initiative. The president referred to 2021 as the “year of reforms” and pledged that his party would overhaul the economy and judiciary.
The president’s proposal came four years after the 2017 constitutional referendum asked voters to decide on an 18-article bill to switch from a parliamentary to a presidential system, among other changes. The amendments to the Constitution were jointly introduced by the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). Erdoğan was elected president under the new system in 2018.
Erdoğan wants Turkey to have a civilian-drafted constitution by 2023, coinciding with the centenary of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey. Turkey will have a comprehensive, clear, democratic and liberal constitution to guide in the upcoming century, the president stated last week, adding that the doors are open for all political parties to contribute to constitutional reform.
The AK Party has 289 seats in the 600-seat Parliament, while the MHP has 48, adding up to 337, but this falls short of the 360-vote supermajority needed to pass a new constitution. Even if all 600 deputies in Parliament say "yes" to the proposal, a national referendum will be held to assess the will of the people, Erdoğan had stated.
Following the president’s announcement, MHP leader Devlet Bahçeli pledged his support and echoed the need for a new civilian constitution; however, the opposition objected. So far, the opposition parties, including the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), have opposed the calls, claiming that the president’s initiative to reform the constitution equates to the “failure of the presidential system.” Opposition parties including the CHP and the Good Party (IP) argue that Turkey should return to the parliamentary system.
Please click to read our informative text prepared pursuant to the Law on the Protection of Personal Data No. 6698 and to get information about the cookies used on our website in accordance with the relevant legislation.
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu uyarınca hazırlanmış aydınlatma metnimizi okumak ve sitemizde ilgili mevzuata uygun olarak kullanılan çerezlerle ilgili bilgi almak için lütfen tıklayınız.